- IIT-Kharagpur and Amazon Web Services join hands to develop NAIRP portal
Both will jointly develop a National Artificial Intelligence resource platform (NAIRP) to promote learning and development in artificial intelligence (AI).
- PM Narendra Modi to be honored with Global Goalkeeper Award
He will be felicitated by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation for his leadership and commitment to the Swachch Bharat Abhiyaan.
- Indian Air Force inducts 8 Apache AH-64E attack helicopters
- It was inducted at the Pathankot Air Force station to enhance combat capabilities under the deal signed by Indian Air Force with the US Government and Boeing Ltd.
- The AH-64E Apache is one of the world's most advanced multi-role combat helicopters.
- Vice-President Venkaiah Naidu to inaugurate ‘Aqua Aquaria India’
- It is the 5th edition of the aquaculture event, Aqua Aquaria India, in Hyderabad.
- The theme for this year’s event is ‘Taking Blue Revolution to India’s Hinterland’.
- This is an initiative of the Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) under the Commerce Ministry.
- 14th Conference of Parties UNCCD begins in Greater Noida
- UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) started with an aim to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought to achieve sustainable development in the affected areas.
- During the event, India assumed the presidency of Conference of Parties (COP) for two years and Union Minister for Environment took up the role of President of COP.
- Japan–India Defence Ministerial Meeting held in Tokyo, Japan
Raksha Mantri Rajnath Singh co-chaired the meeting with Defence Minister of Japan Mr Takeshi lwaya
- Prakash Javadekar Unveils New Logo, Certificate Design of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC).
- India finished at the top of the ISSF World Cup Rie/Pistol Championship in Rio De Janeiro with 5 gold, 2 silver and 2 bronze medals.
Manu Bhaker and Saurabh Choudhary won gold in the summit clash of 10-Metre Air Pistol mixed team event
- Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) launched first-ever ‘Terracotta Grinder’ at Sewapuri in Varanasi.
- This machine can be used to grind wasted and broken pottery items for re-use in pottery-making.
- It will make grinding of wasted pottery items faster than the traditional mortar and pestle. It will also lessen the cost of production.
- Male Declaration adopted at the 4th South Asian Speakers’ Summit.
- It was attended by secretary general of the Inter-Parliamentary Union and senior lawmakers from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
- Declaration “unanimously” iterated that Kashmir was an “internal matter” of India and overlooked all assertions made by Islamabad on the issue.
- Project REPLAN (REducing PLastic in Nature) launched by Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC). It aims to make carry bags by mixing processed and treated plastic waste with cotton fibre rags in the ratio 20:80.
Daily News & Analysis- 4th September 2019 current
- GoI announces contribution of 22 mn USD to Global Fund for AIDS, TB and Malaria (GFTAM)
- Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (or simply the Global Fund) is an international financing organization based in Geneva.
- Founded in 2002, it is a partnership between governments, civil society, the private sector and people affected by the diseases.
- It aims to “attract, leverage and invest additional resources to end the epidemics of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria
- 1st ASEAN-US Maritime Exercise (AUMX) between regional bloc- Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and United States is being held at the Sattahip Naval Base in Thailand.
- Employees' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) signs an Agreement with SBI for direct transfer of benefits electronically into bank accounts of all stakeholders.
- Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine in Jammu and Kashmir tops the list of ‘Swachh Iconic Places’.
- List is released by the Ministry of Jal Shakti, Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
- President Ram Nath Kovind will confer the award to Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine Board (SMVDSB) during the ‘Swachh Mahotsav’ to be organised by Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation on 6 September 2019.
- Army to commission 1st batch of women soldiers in 2021.
- The women soldiers will be commissioned into the Corps of Military Police of the Indian Army.
- At present, women in the Army work only in engineering, medical, legal, signals and educational wings.
- India, US to carry out 15th edition of Joint Military Exercise "Yudh Abhyas 2019" in Washington
- NYKS to prepare Disaster Response Teams ‘NDRF- friends’ in collaboration with NDRF
- In collaboration with National Disaster Response Force, Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan under the Department of Youth Affairs of Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports will prepare Block Level Disaster Response Teams called as ‘NDRF- friends’.
- NYKS Youth Volunteers for Disaster Risk Reduction will act as first responders in NDRF selected hazard prone districts.
- They will also act as a link between the affected community and institutions like National Disaster Response Force, State Disaster Response Force, police, fire services etc arriving at the scene.
- Indian Army Team recently conducted a mountaineering expedition to Mt. Kun and Mt. Leo Pargyil (6773m)
- Leo Pargyil is the third highest peak of Himachal Pradesh and is considered to be among the most challenging and technically difficult peak to scale. It lies in the Zanskar range.
Daily News & Analysis- 5th September 2019
- CRISIL revises India's GDP growth to 6.3% in fiscal 20interest rate published by the FBIL.
- Reserve Bank of India makes it mandatory for banks to link retail and MSME loans to external interest rate benchmarks.
- 1st National Conference on Cyber Crime Investigation and Cyber Forensics Central Bureau of Investigation's 1st National Conference on Cyber Crime Investigation and Cyber Forensics inaugurated in New Delhi. The 2 days conference aimed at creating the platform and bringing together investigators, lawyers, forensic experts and academia to discuss challenges related to cybercrime and ways to find solutions. It also acts as a platform to share good practices to learn from experiences of various State police and Law Enforcement Agencies.
- International Day of Charity: 5 September The United Nations observes 5 September every year as International Day of Charity to commemorate the anniversary of the passing away of Mother Teresa. She also received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 "for work undertaken in the struggle to overcome poverty and distress."
- Economist Intelligence Unit’s Global Liveability Index 2019
- India among top 10 nations in terms of total gold reserves with 618.2 tonnes of Gold according to World Gold Council According to the World Gold Council, the U.S. leads the country list with total gold reserves of 8,133.5 tonnes followed by Germany with 3,366.8 tonnes. In terms of individual countries, India actually ranks 9th since the International Monetary Fund (IMF) occupies the third position after the U.S. and Germany.
- PM will launch Pradhan Mantri Laghu Vyapari Maandhan Yojana- a pension scheme for traders
- Qatar unveils 2022 FIFA World Cup logo
- Delhi's IGI Airport Gets India's Tallest Air Traffic Control tower with a height of 102 metres
Daily News & Analysis- 6th September 20193rd India-Australia Cyber Policy Dialogue for the year 2019 was held in New Delhi. The two countries further agreed to work towards the establishment of a Joint Working Group on Cyber Security Cooperation and to commence negotiations for a Framework Agreement on Cyber Cooperation. IIT-Kharagpur selected for Centre’s SATHI initiative
- IIT-Kharagpur has been selected for the SATHI Centre initiative of the Department of Science and Technology (DST) of the Indian government.
- An amount of Rs 125 crores has been earmarked for the SATHI (Sophisticated Analytical and Technical Help Institute) Centre at IIT-Kharagpur for three financial years starting from 2019-20.
- The primary objective of the Centre is to extend help to the neighbouring academic institutes, research establishments and the industries, particularly the start-ups and manufacturing units for using sophisticated instruments, which do not exist anywhere else, in a few selected areas.
- India has already become the capital of tigers with 70 per cent of its population here. Study reveals that even ecology at high altitude is compatible for the tiger growth.
- Tiger habitats in high altitude require protection through sustainable land use, as they are a high value ecosystem with several hydrological and ecological processes providing ecosystem services and adaptation to mitigate the ill effects of climate change.
- As per the latest tiger census report, their number stood at 2,967 at last count in 2018, a 33 per cent jump from 2,226 in 2014.
- Public sector banks (PSBs) have started giving in-principle approval of home and personal loan applications on the ‘PSB Loans in 59 Minutes’ web portal, launched last year to facilitate quick loans for micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs).
- Applicants can now get in-principle approvals from 19 PSBs, including the State Bank of India (SBI), Punjab National Bank, Bank of Baroda and Union Bank of India.
- “59 Minutes” scheme uses advanced algorithms to analyse data points from several sources such as income tax returns and bank statements.
- Odisha State Disaster Management Authority (OSDMA)’s SATARK (System for Assessing, Tracking and Alerting Disaster Risk Information based on Dynamic Risk Knowledge) application won the IT Excellence Award2019 for its innovative conception in the field of disaster management.
- The application, both in web and mobile phone, has been developed to provide real time watch, alert and warning information for different hazards like heat wave, lightning, drought, flood monitoring, ocean state information, tsunami risk, earthquake monitoring, cyclone/storm surge, road accident and snakebite monitoring.
- It is available in bilingual form both in Odia and English languages.
- In a bid to motivate and incentivize more trainers to join the Skill India Mission, the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) organized Kaushalacharya Samadar 2019 to felicitate trainers from different sectors for exceptional contribution towards creating a future-ready and skilled workforce.
- The Ministry also announced the “Kaushalacharya Awards” would be an annual event to recognize the contribution made by skill trainers in the vocational training ecosystem.
- The Human Resource Development Ministry has awarded the status of Institute of Eminence to the IIT-Madras, the IIT-Kharagpur, Delhi University, Benares Hindu University and the University of Hyderabad
- Four private universities – the Vellore Institute of Technology, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Jamia Hamdard University and the Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology — were issued Letters of Intent to grant them the status
- Each university will be required to sign a Memorandum of Understanding with the Ministry, laying out its plan to achieve the objective of becoming a world-class institution.
- The public institutions on the list will then be eligible for a government grant of 1,000 crore.
Daily News & Analysis- 7-8th September 2019Government launches updated Credit linked Capital Subsidy Scheme (CLCSS) for MSMEs
- CLCSS scheme, with an outlay of Rs 2,900 crore, provides an upfront subsidy of 15 % on institutional credit up to Rs 1 crore for micro small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in the specified 51 sub-sectors.
- In the relaunched scheme, there is an additional 10 % subsidy for SC-ST entrepreneurs while special provisions have been made for 117 ‘aspirational’ districts, hill states and the northeastern region.
- MSME Minister Nitin Gadkari announced the government would prepare a final report on the recommendations of the U K Sinha committee, which had been set up by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to suggest expeditious ways to strengthen MSMEs.
- President Ram Nath Kovind presented an award to Indian Railways as the best ministry for implementation of Swachhata action plan for 2018-19.
- He also presented the best Swachh iconic Place award to the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus Mumbai under the Swachh Bharat Mission initiative.
- The three best stations as per Cleanliness Ranking Survey for 2018 were Jodhpur, Jaipur & Tirupati.
- He will participate in the 8th Asian Ministerial Energy Roundtable (AMER) at Abu Dhabi on 10 September, where India is the co-Host along with UAE.
- India will host the 9th edition of Asian Ministerial Energy Roundtable in
- Union Minister of Commerce & Industry and Railways, Piyush Goyal, will attend the 7th RCEP Ministerial Meeting, 16th ASEAN India Economic Ministers meeting and the 7th East Asia Economic Ministers Summit being held in Bangkok from 8-10 September
- Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership(RCEP) is a proposed free trade agreement between the ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations(ASEAN- Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam) and its six FTA partners(China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australiaand New Zealand).
- She was the only Indian to participate in the championship held in Chungju, South Korea. She has also qualified for the 2022 Asian Games.
- Jiu-Jitsu is a form of martial art and combat sport.
- Haryana, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh were honored for improved sex ratio and awareness generation under the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao campaign.
- It will be undertaken by the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT).
- The project proposes to send a submersible vehicle with three persons to a depth of about six-kilometre for 72 hours to carry out deep underwater studies.
- Task force under the chairmanship of Secretary of the Department of Economic Affairs will draw up a ‘national infrastructure pipeline’ from 2019-20 to 2024-25 for building infrastructure worth Rs 100 lakh crore.
- The national infrastructure pipeline project would include social and economic infrastructure projects, both ‘Greenfield’ and ‘Brownfield’ projects.
- There is still no signal from the lander and attempts to re-establish contact would continue for the next two weeks.
- ISRO launched the Chandrayaan-2 (on July 22, 2019) into the space from India's heavy lift rocket Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-Mark III (GSLV Mk III). The Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft comprised three segments: the Orbiter, lander 'Vikram' and rover 'Pragyan'.
- An orbiter is a space probe that orbits a planet or other astronomical object.
- A lander is a spacecraft which descends toward and comes to rest on the surface of an astronomical body.
- A Rover is a vehicle for exploring the surface of an extraterrestrial body (such as the moon or Mars).
- The Event Horizon Telescope Team who produced the world’s first image of a black hole was felicitated with Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics.
- The prize is known as the “Oscars of science”, with prize money $3 million. The team had published the image of black hole circled by a flame-orange halo of white-hot plasma on the Messier 87 (M87) galaxy on April 10, 2019.
- Sri Lanka pacer Lasith Malinga becomes 1st bowler to take 4 consecutive wickets in T20s, ODIs
- PM inaugurates Mumbai Metro’s first coach built under ‘Make in India’
- Information & Broadcasting Ministry decides to discontinue single-use plastic in its premises.
- National Animal Disease Control Programme for Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis & National Artificial Insemination Programme will be launched by PM on 11 September 2019 in Mathura.
- Microsoft India and the Central Board of Secondary Education have partnered to build AI learning training for schools.
- India secures 34th rank on World Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index 2019 published by World Economic Forum (WEF) report. Spain tops the ranking index followed by France and Germany.
- Afghanistan bowler Rashid Khan to become ICC Test cricket’s youngest captain at the age of 20 years and 350 days.
- Ashok Leyland Ltd has become the first Indian original equipment manufacturer (OEM) to meet the BS-VI emission
Free coaching for IAS in Delhi/ Free Coaching for SSC in Delhi/CDS/CPF/Delhi Police/DSSSB/Railway/CTET to all students of delhi
NOT CASTE, FAMILY INCOME ONLY CRITERIA
Scholarship scheme expands to cover all categories
Students preparing for competitive exams can avail Rs 1 lakh
FROM A welfare policy targeting students from the Scheduled Caste the Jai Bhim Mukhyamantri Pratibha Vikas Yojna has now been expanded tp a free coaching service for all Delhi students with a family income less than 8 lakhs. The scheme was introduced last year to provide financial assistance to students from Scheduled Castes preparing for competitive examinations, and the maximum financial assistance provided to any student was Rs. 40,000. Now, the Delhi government announced a cabinet decision to expand the scheme to all students who have completed Class 10th or Class 12th from Delhi, whether they are from the SC, ST, OBC or from the general categories.
“It’s the age of cut-throat competition and children require coaching for getting admission in good engineering and medical colleges. Children born in poor families are also very intelligent, but in the absence of resources for coaching they are left behind, and only those with sufficient economic resources have access to coaching, till now. This scheme was only for students of Scheduled Caste category and maximum financial assistance was Rs. 40,000. Today the Cabinet has decided to expand this scheme in scope and duration,” said Chief Minister Mr. Arvind Kejriwal.
Under this scheme, assistance is provided to students preparing for civil service examinations; judicial service examinations; entrance examinations for courses like engineering, medicine, MBA and Law; and other public examinations for recruitment to bank and public sector undertakings.
Till last year,the maximum duration for which coaching was provided under his scheme was five months. Following the cabinet decision, this duration has been expanded- in the case of civil services and judicial services examinations, the minimum duration has been set at 12months. The quantum of financial assistance has also been increased to Rs 1lakh for these two categories of examinations and for engineering, medical, National Defence Academy and Combined Defence Services entrance examinations.
Last year, 4961 students had availed coaching services under this scheme. With the expansion of it’s scope, the number of benefeceries is likely to increase.
Asked which department will be responsible for implementing this scheme now that its scope and meaning has changed from welfare of scheduled caste students, Kejriwal said it would continueto be carried out by the SC/ST Welfare Department.RAVINDRAS INSTITUTE 102, 8-9, 2nd floor, Ansal building, mukherjee nagar, near chawala restaurant lane, Delhi-110009, cont us - 9953101176, 8700170483, 9873821384, 9625007037, 9990962858.
JAI BHEEM MUKHYAMANTRI PRATIBHA VIKAS YOJNA, FREE COACHING FOR IAS, FREE COACHING FOR SSC, FREE COACHING FOR CDS/CPF, FREE COACHING FOR ALL ONE DAY EXAMS
Daily News & Analysis- 9th September 2019Centre will spend 3.5 lakh crore rupees on Jal Jeevan Mission for next 5 years 'Jal Jeevan Mission’ aims to deliver potable water at every household across the country. It involves saving water and delivering water at one's doorstep. Finance Ministry introduced Code of Conduct for non-official directors at public sector banks aims to improve corporate governance Under the new rules, the PSBs board will send an annual performance report evaluated by peers that rates a director based on professional and ethical conduct, and contribution to the board. 1st conference on military medicine for Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) to be held in Delhi under the SCO Defence Co-operation Plan 2019-2020 The conference will be conducted by the Indian Armed Forces under the aegis of Headquarters Integrated Defence Staff (HQ IDS), with the aim to share best practices in the field of military medicine, build capacities and overcome a common challenge. SCO Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) was established in 26 April 1996 and is headquartered at Beijing, China. US Tennis Open 2019: Complete List of Winners Chronologically, it is the fourth and final Grand Slam tournament of the year.
|Men's Singles||Rafael Nadal (Spain)|
|Women's Singles||Bianca Andreescu (Canada)|
|Men’s Doubles||J.S. Cabal (Colombia) and R. Farah (Colombia)|
|Women's Doubles||E. Mertens(Belgium) and A. Sabalenka(Belarus)|
|Mixed Doubles||B. Mattek-Sands (USA) and J. Murray (U.K)|
- World Physical Therapy Day/ is observed on 8 September
- RBI to launch mobile app for visually impaired to identify banknotes India’s first ‘water-grid’ in Marathwada region of Maharashtra costing Rs 3, 50,000 crore under Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)
- Lata Mangeshkar to be honored with Daughter of the Nation title on her 90th birthday on September 28.
- 24th World Energy Congress commenced on 9 September 2019 in Abu Dhabi UAE
- President Kovind on 9-day visit to 3 nations- Iceland, Switzerland and Slovenia on 8 September 2019.
- India has announced a humanitarian assistance of one million dollar to help people in the Bahamas affected by Hurricane Dorian.
- 68th Plenary session of the North Eastern Council (NEC) began in Guwahati on 8 September 2019.
- Vijay Kumar Chopra, Vineet Jain elected PTI chairman & vice-chairman
- SLINEX 2019: Indo- Sri Lanka maritime fleet exercise 2019 at Visakhapatnam
- India Red beat India Green to clinch Duleep Trophy title 2019 at Bengaluru.
- Kenya's Brigid Kosgei runs fastest-ever a woman’s half-marathon in a time of 1 hour, 44 minutes and 28 seconds.
- Sri Lanka's Lasith Malinga has become the first T20I bowler to take 100 wickets and also becomes the highest number of hat-trick wicket taker in international cricket with 5 hat-tricks
- Ram Jethmalani, one of India's finest lawyers and a former union minister, passes away at 95.
NEW ARTICLE OF CURRENT TOPIC
TRIPPLE TALAQ BILL :-
Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019
Introduction: The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019 became the first legislation to be tabled in Parliament by the Narendra Modi dispensation in its second term, with Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad asserting the legislation was a must for gender equality and justice. The government had promulgated the Ordinance on triple talaq twice — in September 2018 and in January 2019. It will become the law and will replace the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act, 1986.
Background: The Supreme Court’s judgment in the Shayara Bano case held that the practice of talaq-e-biddat (or triple talaq) unconstitutional.
Significance of the bill: The Bill will protect the rights of married Muslim women and prevent divorce by the practice of instantaneous and irrevocable ‘talaq-e-biddat’ by their husbands. It provides the rights of subsistence allowance, custody of minor children to victims of triple talaq i.e. talaq-e-biddat.Key provisions of the Bill:
1. The Bill makes all declaration of talaq, including in written or electronic form, to be void (i.e. not enforceable in law) and illegal.
2. Definition: It defines talaq as talaq-e-biddat or any other similar form of talaq pronounced by a Muslim man resulting in instant and irrevocable divorce. Talaq-e-biddat refers to the practice under Muslim personal laws where pronouncement of the word ‘talaq’ thrice in one sitting by a Muslim man to his wife results in an instant and irrevocable divorce.
3. Offence and penalty: The Bill makes declaration of talaq a cognizable offence, attracting up to three years’ imprisonment with a fine. (A cognizable offence is one for which a police officer may arrest an accused person without warrant.)
4. The offence will be cognizable only if information relating to the offence is given by:(i) the married woman (against whom talaq has been declared), or (ii) any person related to her by blood or marriage.
5. The Bill provides that the Magistrate may grant bail to the accused. The bail may be granted only after hearing the woman (against whom talaq has been pronounced), and if Magistrate is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for granting bail.
6. The offence may be compounded by the Magistrate upon the request of the woman (against whom talaq has been declared). Compounding refers to the procedure where the two sides agree to stop legal proceedings, and settle the dispute. Terms and conditions of the compounding of the offence will be determined by the Magistrate.
7. Allowance: A Muslim woman, against whom talaq has been declared, is entitled to seek subsistence allowance from her husband for herself and for her dependent children. The amount of the allowance will be determined by the Magistrate.
8. Custody: A Muslim woman, against whom such talaq has been declared, is entitled to seek custody of her minor children. The manner of custody will be determined by the Magistrate.
Issues with the bill: 1. The bill introduced in Parliament proposes a three-year jail term for a man divorcing his wife through triple talaq. Although most Muslim women feel it is time to end the practice, they are wary of the slipshod manner in which the government has passed the bill in the Lok Sabha.
2. If the aim of the law is to protect the rights of women, how is that possible with their husbands in prison? If they have children under the age of 18, who will take care of their education, health, financial and other needs? The woman will not be protected but instead be vulnerable to more abuse.
3. The Bill does not provide the victimised woman any additional benefits in terms of her rights in marriage and divorce. 4. Since the Bill says that triple talaq is cognizable and non-bailable, married Muslim man become vulnerable target as policemen can arrest and investigate the accused with or without the complaint from wife or any other person.
On August 22, 2017, Supreme Court set aside decade-old practice of instant triple talaq saying it was violative of Article 14 and 21 of the Indian Constitution.
Arguments favouring the bill:
- Bill is needed so that even Muslim women also get equality on par with other Muslim men.
- Triple talaq adversely impact rights of women to a life of dignity and is against constitutional principles such as gender equality, secularism, international laws etc.
- The penal measure acts as a “necessary deterrent”
- It significantly empowers Muslim women.
- The practice of triple talaq has continued despite the Supreme Court order terming it void.
- The practice is arbitrary and, therefore, unconstitutional
- The law is about justice and respect for women and is not about any religion or community
- It protects the rights of Muslim women against arbitrary divorce
- Instant triple talaq is viewed as sinful and improper by a large section of the community itself.
- The fine amount could be awarded as maintenance or subsistence.
Arguments opposing the bill: It is well established that criminalising something does not have any deterrent effect on its practice. Since marriage is a civil contract, the procedures to be followed on its breakdown should also be of civil nature only.
- Civil redress mechanisms must ensure that Muslim women are able to negotiate for their rights both within and outside of the marriage
- The harsh punishment defies the doctrine of proportionality.
- Three years in prison of the convicted husband will end up penalising the already aggrieved wife and children too.
- The punishment will aggravate the insecurity and alienation of the Indian Muslim community
- In the recent Supreme Court judgment, it never said that triple talaq is to be criminally punished.
- It invokes a secular law that already exists: Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act (PWDVA), 2005.
- Parliament should have passed a law stating that the utterance of the words “talaq, talaq, talaq” would amount to “domestic violence” as defined in the PWDVA.
- The PWDVA was conceived as a law that ensures speedy relief — ideally within three months — to an aggrieved woman
- While PWDVA is civil in nature, it has a reasonably stringent penal provision built into it.
- It could be just a piece of legislation rather than a kind than a kind of relief to the women.
- Some representatives have given it a political and religious color.
- Some Muslim women’s groups raised concerns about “maintenance” if the husband is sent to jail.
- The mutual divorce provision is missing in the proposed law and needs to be debated.
The legislation brings India at par with other Muslim majority states including Pakistan and Bangladesh. This was long overdue for a country that has taken pride in its adherence to the principles of secularism, democracy, and equality. Personal laws of other religious communities, Hindus and Christians, have gone through renditions to address some concerns relating to gender equality in matters of inheritance and polygamy. Despite the gains, gender equality does not permeate all aspects of civil law. This legislation presents an opportunity to put in place a civil code that steeped in equality—across faiths and gender.
Time has come to put an end to the suffering of Muslim women who have been at the receiving end of instant talaq for several years. More than 20 Islamic countries have already banned the practice.
Daily News & Analysis- 11-15th September 2019Hindi Diwas is celebrated every year on ‘14th September’ in India.
- The day was celebrated because the Constituent Assembly made Hindi the official language of the country on 14 September 1949.
- January 10 is celebrated as World Hindi Day
- Energy efficiency in manufacturing facilities and railway workshops.
- Greening of Railway properties.
- Demonstrative pilots of ‘net-zero energy buildings/ railway stations’.
- Capacity and skill development by continuous sharing of best practices on energy and environment through training programmes.
- Development of Green procurement policy, waste management policy, solid waste disposal, carbon neutrality, phytoremediation.
- Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science & Technology signed this partnership to address challenges and improve coordination and collaboration in the global antimicrobial resistance research and development.
- The Global Antimicrobial Resistance Research and Development hub now has 16 member nations. The hub also has the European Commission and four international organisations as observers.
- It will reduce cost of consumer loans. The relaxed requirement would not be applicable to credit cards.
- Risk weight refers to the capital banks keep aside as provisioning to cover any loan defaults.
- RBI Headquarters Mumbai
- RBI Governor Shaktikant Das
- RBI Deputy Governor BP Kanungo, N S Vishwanathan, and Mahesh Kumar Jain
- This Policy defines SSR as “the ethical obligation of knowledge workers in all fields of science and technology to voluntarily contribute their knowledge and resources to the widest spectrum of stakeholders in society, in a spirit of service and conscious reciprocity”.
- Individual scientists or knowledge workers will be required to devote at least 10 person-days of SSR per year for exchanging scientific knowledge to society.
- Give credit to individual SSR activities in annual performance appraisal and evaluation of knowledge workers/scientists.
- A central agency will be established at DST to implement the SSR.
- Five Indian women police officers are:
- Reena Yadav (Inspector Chandigarh Police)
- Gopika Jahagirdar (DSP, Maharashtra Police)
- Bharati Samantray (DSP, Ministry of Home Affairs)
- Ragini Kumari (Inspector, Ministry of Home Affairs)
- Kamal Shekhawat (ASP, Rajasthan Police)
- The United Nations officially comes into existence on 24 October 1945.
- Antonio Guterres is its Secretary-General and it is headquartered in New York.
- ‘Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan Dhan Yojana’ will help small and marginal farmers aged between 18 and 40 years by providing a minimum pension of Rs 3000 per month, on attaining the age of 60 years.
- ‘Pradhan Mantri Laghu Vyapari Maan DhanYojana’ is a pension scheme for shopkeepers and retail traders.
- ‘Swarojgar’ pension scheme is for self-employed persons.
- Under both the schemes, beneficiaries between 18 and 40 years will get Rs 3,000 per month after completing 60 years of age.
- 7 million people displaced globally due to more than 950 climate-related issues including floods and storms between January and June 2019.
- India accounted for 2.8 million displaced people in 2018.
- Cyclone Titli struck Orissa and Andhra Pradesh states in October, triggering 400,000 new displacements and cyclone Gaza hit Tamil Nadu in November, triggering 2,49,000 displacements.
- More than 160,000 new displacements associated with conflict and violence was recorded in Kashmir.
- IDMC was established in 1998 as the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC). It works to inform policy and operational decisions that improve the lives of millions of people living in the internal displacement or at risk of becoming displaced in the future.
- It is the first batch of the newest central government services of ISDS cadre from the Indian Engineering Service Examination conducted by UPSC, commencing its training program at the Administrative Training Institute (ATI) in Mysuru, Karnataka.
- Its aim is to attract young and talented administrators towards institutionalizing the Skill Development under Ministry of Skill Development And Entrepreneurship (MSDE)
- Niti Aayog, McKinsey to launch First Digital Capability Centre to showcase advanced technologies and emerging innovations.
- India to raise target of restoring degraded land to 26 million hectares by 2030 declares PM at COP14 of UNCCD.
- Gurugram Police ties up with Google maps for traffic updates in real time for public use.
- Powerful Typhoon Faxai makes direct hit on Japan’s capital city Tokyo
- India becomes the honoured country for 84th Thessaloniki International Fair 2019(TIF) held in Greece
- Brazilian tennis player Diego Matos gets a life ban for match-fixing
- Hero MotoCorp Chairman and MD Pawan Munjal will be inducted to 2019 Asia Pacific Golf Hall of Fame for his support to the sport in India and around the world.
- Daniel Zhang to take over as the new Chairman of Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba after founder Jack Ma steps down
- Priyavrata, 16, becomes the youngest person to clear 14 levels of the Tenali Pariksha or Maha Pariksha, conducted twice a year for the students studying Shastras.
- Music director Usha Khanna will get Lata Mangeshkar award by Maharashtra government.
- National Conference on ‘Criminal Activities and Radicalization in Jails: Vulnerability of Inmates and Jail Staff and their Protection’ organized by Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D).
- Indo-Thailand joint military exercise Maitree 2019 held at Foreign Training Node, Umroi (Meghalaya)
- Sri Lanka flags off Pulathisi Express, a ‘Make In India’ train manufactured in the Integral Coach Factory (ICF) in Chennai
- Water found on potentially habitable exo-planet super Earth K2-18b (8 times the mass of Earth).
- Centre will set up 12,500 AYUSH Health and Wellness Centres across India.
- 24 Mega Watt Dikshi Hydroelectric Project launched on the Phudung River in West Kameng, Arunachal Pradesh.
- India signs agreement with Russian company to modernise radar missile systems on P-15 class ships.
- Feroz Shah Kotla Stadium in Delhi has been renamed as Arun Jaitley Cricket Stadium.
- Srivilliputtur ‘palkova’ a sweet made from cow milk and sugar from Virudhunagar district Tamil Nadu gets GI tag
- DRDO successfully test-fired the 100% indigenous Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MP-ATGM).
- Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) appointed Pradeep Kumar Sinha Principal Advisor to PM. Pramod Kumar Mishra appointed as the Principal Secretary to PM
- Navdeep Singh Suri, India’s ambassador to UAE, has been conferred with the Order of Zayed II, the highest civilian honour in the country, by President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
Daily News & Analysis- 16th September 2019
World Ozone Day – September 16
- World Ozone Day is observed on September 16 every year to spread awareness among people about the depletion of the Ozone layer and search possible solutions to preserve it.
- The theme of World Ozone Day is ‘32 years and Healing’. This theme celebrates over three decades of remarkable international cooperation to protect the ozone layer and the climate under the Montreal Protocol.
- National Health Authority and Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India have launched a report recommending best practices, common standards, collaborative measures and IT framework for data standardization and to check frauds.
- NHA is responsible for implementing the Ayushman Bharat scheme.
- construction of Kartarpur Corridor from Dera Baba Nanak in Gurdaspur district in Punjab to the international border,
- development of the historic town of Sultanpur Lodhi as a heritage town on smart city principle,
- up-gradation of Sultanpur Lodhi railway station
- Release of commemorative coins and postage stamps.
- Blocking of lost/stolen mobiles across mobile networks discouraging theft of mobile phones.
- Facilitate in tracing of such reported lost/stolen mobile phones.
- Prevention of mobile devices with duplicate and fake IMEIs in the network.
- Improved QoS and reduced call drops with reduction in use of counterfeit mobile devices.
- Jal Shakti Abhiyan is a collaborative effort of various Ministries of the Government of India and State Governments, being coordinated by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
- It is a time-bound, mission-mode campaign that would focus on 1,592 “water-stressed” blocks in 257 The campaign will run through citizen participation during the monsoon season, from 1st July 2019 to 15th September 2019.
- Traditional Neermahal Jal Utsav concludes in in Rudrasagar lake Tripura
- Union Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ launched CBSE’s portal ‘Vidyadhan’ on Diksha App, a digital infrastructure for knowledge sharing
- Madhya Pradesh govt to launch online service to adopt cows and provide sheds to them at gaushalas
- India along with Pakistan and China, participate in Exercise TSENTR 2019 in Russia’s DONGUZ Ranges.
- Kapil Dev appointed chancellor of Rai Sports University in Sonepat by Haryana Government.
- Sourabh Verma clinches Vietnam Open Men's Super-100 Singles title in Badminton
- Great Ganga Run 2019 organised by Ministry of Jal Shakti in New Delhi to create awareness about River Ganga.
- DRDO and the Aeronautical Development Agency successfully executed the first-ever arrested landing of Light Combat Aircraft(LCA) Tejas (Navy) at the shore-based test facility in Goa.
- Anurag Kashyap’s ‘Gangs of Wasseypur’ ranked 59th in the Guardian list of “100 Best Films of 21st Century”