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  1. IIT-Kharagpur and Amazon Web Services join hands to develop NAIRP portal

Both will jointly develop a National Artificial Intelligence resource platform (NAIRP) to promote learning and development in artificial intelligence (AI).

  1. PM Narendra Modi to be honored with Global Goalkeeper Award

He will be felicitated by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation for his leadership and commitment to the Swachch Bharat Abhiyaan.

  1. Indian Air Force inducts 8 Apache AH-64E attack helicopters
  • It was inducted at the Pathankot Air Force station to enhance combat capabilities under the deal signed by Indian Air Force with the US Government and Boeing Ltd.
  • The AH-64E Apache is one of the world's most advanced multi-role combat helicopters.
  1. Vice-President Venkaiah Naidu to inaugurate ‘Aqua Aquaria India’
  • It is the 5th edition of the aquaculture event, Aqua Aquaria India, in Hyderabad.
  • The theme for this year’s event is ‘Taking Blue Revolution to India’s Hinterland’.
  • This is an initiative of the Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) under the Commerce Ministry.
  1. 14th Conference of Parties UNCCD begins in Greater Noida
  • UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) started with an aim to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought to achieve sustainable development in the affected areas.
  • During the event, India assumed the presidency of Conference of Parties (COP) for two years and Union Minister for Environment took up the role of President of COP.
  1. Japan–India Defence Ministerial Meeting held in Tokyo, Japan

Raksha Mantri Rajnath Singh co-chaired the meeting with Defence Minister of Japan Mr Takeshi lwaya

  1. Prakash Javadekar Unveils New Logo, Certificate Design of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC).
  2. India finished at the top of the ISSF World Cup Rie/Pistol Championship in Rio De Janeiro with 5 gold, 2 silver and 2 bronze medals.

Manu Bhaker and Saurabh Choudhary won gold in the summit clash of 10-Metre Air Pistol mixed team event

  1. Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) launched first-ever ‘Terracotta Grinder’ at Sewapuri in Varanasi.
  • This machine can be used to grind wasted and broken pottery items for re-use in pottery-making.
  • It will make grinding of wasted pottery items faster than the traditional mortar and pestle. It will also lessen the cost of production.
  1. Male Declaration adopted at the 4th South Asian Speakers’ Summit.
  • It was attended by secretary general of the Inter-Parliamentary Union and senior lawmakers from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
  • Declaration “unanimously” iterated that Kashmir was an “internal matter” of India and overlooked all assertions made by Islamabad on the issue.
  1. Project REPLAN (REducing PLastic in Nature) launched by Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC). It aims to make carry bags by mixing processed and treated plastic waste with cotton fibre rags in the ratio 20:80.

Daily News & Analysis- 4th September  2019 current

  1. GoI announces contribution of 22 mn USD to Global Fund for AIDS, TB and Malaria (GFTAM)
  • Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (or simply the Global Fund) is an international financing organization based in Geneva.
  • Founded in 2002, it is a partnership between governments, civil society, the private sector and people affected by the diseases.
  • It aims to “attract, leverage and invest additional resources to end the epidemics of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria
  1. 1st ASEAN-US Maritime Exercise (AUMX) between regional bloc- Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and United States is being held at the Sattahip Naval Base in Thailand.
  2. Employees' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) signs an Agreement with SBI for direct transfer of benefits electronically into bank accounts of all stakeholders.
  3. Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine in Jammu and Kashmir tops the list of ‘Swachh Iconic Places’.
  • List is released by the Ministry of Jal Shakti, Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
  • President Ram Nath Kovind will confer the award to Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine Board (SMVDSB) during the ‘Swachh Mahotsav’ to be organised by Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation on 6 September 2019.
  1. Army to commission 1st batch of women soldiers in 2021.
  • The women soldiers will be commissioned into the Corps of Military Police of the Indian Army.
  • At present, women in the Army work only in engineering, medical, legal, signals and educational wings.
  1. India, US to carry out 15th edition of Joint Military Exercise "Yudh Abhyas 2019" in Washington
  2. NYKS to prepare Disaster Response Teams ‘NDRF- friends’ in collaboration with NDRF
    • In collaboration with National Disaster Response Force, Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan under the Department of Youth Affairs of Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports will prepare Block Level Disaster Response Teams called as ‘NDRF- friends’.
    • NYKS Youth Volunteers for Disaster Risk Reduction will act as first responders in NDRF selected hazard prone districts.
    • They will also act as a link between the affected community and institutions like National Disaster Response Force, State Disaster Response Force, police, fire services etc arriving at the scene.
  3. Indian Army Team recently conducted a mountaineering expedition to Mt. Kun and Mt. Leo Pargyil (6773m)
  • Leo Pargyil is the third highest peak of Himachal Pradesh and is considered to be among the most challenging and technically difficult peak to scale. It lies in the Zanskar range.
Mt. Kun is the second-highest peak in between the Zanskar and Kargil regions of Ladakh.  

Daily News & Analysis- 5th September 2019

  • CRISIL revises India's GDP growth to 6.3% in fiscal 20interest rate published by the FBIL.
Rating agency CRISIL has revised India’s fiscal year 2020 GDP growth forecast to 6.3%. CRISIL has lowered the GDP growth forecast from 6.9% to 6.3%.
      • Reserve Bank of India makes it mandatory for banks to link retail and MSME loans to external interest rate benchmarks.
Under this norm, banks have to link all of their new loan products, be it personal, housing or auto to an external benchmark rate. Banks have been allowed to choose any benchmark market interest rate published by the Financial Benchmarks India Private Ltd (FBIL). Banks can choose RBI’s repo rate, the government of India’s three-month Treasury bill yield published by the FBIL, government’s six-month Treasury bill yield published by the FBIL or any other market
  • 1st National Conference on Cyber Crime Investigation and Cyber Forensics Central Bureau of Investigation's 1st National Conference on Cyber Crime Investigation and Cyber Forensics inaugurated in New Delhi. The 2 days conference aimed at creating the platform and bringing together investigators, lawyers, forensic experts and academia to discuss challenges related to cybercrime and ways to find solutions. It also acts as a platform to share good practices to learn from experiences of various State police and Law Enforcement Agencies.
  • International Day of Charity: 5 September The United Nations observes 5 September every year as International Day of Charity to commemorate the anniversary of the passing away of Mother Teresa. She also received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 "for work undertaken in the struggle to overcome poverty and distress."
  • Economist Intelligence Unit’s Global Liveability Index 2019
New Delhi gets 118th spot and Mumbai 119th spot. Vienna in Austria, Melbourne and Sydney in Australia make the top three cities. The survey ranks countries across indicators including stability, healthcare, education, infrastructure, culture and environment.
  • India among top 10 nations in terms of total gold reserves with 618.2 tonnes of Gold according to World Gold Council According to the World Gold Council, the U.S. leads the country list with total gold reserves of 8,133.5 tonnes followed by Germany with 3,366.8 tonnes. In terms of individual countries, India actually ranks 9th since the International Monetary Fund (IMF) occupies the third position after the U.S. and Germany.
  • PM will launch Pradhan Mantri Laghu Vyapari Maan­dhan Yojana- a pension scheme for traders
This scheme is an extension of the PM Shram Yogi Maan-Dhan Yojana. It will make all beneficiaries eligible for a monthly pension of Rs 3000 after the age of 60 at a miniscule monthly contribution.
  • Qatar unveils 2022 FIFA World Cup logo
The design is a stylised Arabic white unisex shawl with maroon patterning, which is displayed in a figure-of-eight symbolising infinity while creating a heart shape above the words “FIFA WORLD CUP Qatar 2022”.
  • Delhi's IGI Airport Gets India's Tallest Air Traffic Control tower with a height of 102 metres
Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International (IGI) Airport gets India’s tallest ATC tower to enhance the safety and boost the efficiency of air transport management services, to reduce the pressure on controllers and provide relief to flyers from delays.  

Daily News & Analysis- 6th September 2019

3rd India-Australia Cyber Policy Dialogue for the year 2019 was held in New Delhi. The two countries further agreed to work towards the establishment of a Joint Working Group on Cyber Security Cooperation and to commence negotiations for a Framework Agreement on Cyber Cooperation. IIT-Kharagpur selected for Centre’s SATHI initiative
  • IIT-Kharagpur has been selected for the SATHI Centre initiative of the Department of Science and Technology (DST) of the Indian government.
  • An amount of Rs 125 crores has been earmarked for the SATHI (Sophisticated Analytical and Technical Help Institute) Centre at IIT-Kharagpur for three financial years starting from 2019-20.
  • The primary objective of the Centre is to extend help to the neighbouring academic institutes, research establishments and the industries, particularly the start-ups and manufacturing units for using sophisticated instruments, which do not exist anywhere else, in a few selected areas.
Government will prepare master plan for tigers at high altitudes
  • India has already become the capital of tigers with 70 per cent of its population here. Study reveals that even ecology at high altitude is compatible for the tiger growth.
  • Tiger habitats in high altitude require protection through sustainable land use, as they are a high value ecosystem with several hydrological and ecological processes providing ecosystem services and adaptation to mitigate the ill effects of climate change.
  • As per the latest tiger census report, their number stood at 2,967 at last count in 2018, a 33 per cent jump from 2,226 in 2014.
Food ministry to ban single-use plastic bottles from Sep 15 Gujarat Government and Delaware State of America signed MoU -Memorandum of Understanding for sister state. Sectors like Biotechnology University, bio sciences, financial services, animal husbandry and dairy, port services have been short listed for future cooperation “PSB Loans in 59 Minutes” scheme
  • Public sector banks (PSBs) have started giving in-principle approval of home and personal loan applications on the ‘PSB Loans in 59 Minutes’ web portal, launched last year to facilitate quick loans for micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs).
  • Applicants can now get in-principle approvals from 19 PSBs, including the State Bank of India (SBI), Punjab National Bank, Bank of Baroda and Union Bank of India.
  • “59 Minutes” scheme uses advanced algorithms to analyse data points from several sources such as income tax returns and bank statements.
NDB to provide Rs 6,000 crores loan to Andhra Pradesh for social infrastructure projects The New Development Bank was set up in 2015 by BRICS nations. The Shanghai-based Bank has lent over Rs 75,000 crores to various project till date all over the world and Rs 25,000 crores in India alone. Centre to infuse Rs 12,000 crores in state general insurance firms The Department of Financial Services has approved capital infusion worth Rs.12,000 crores in National Insurance, Oriental Insurance and United India Insurance in order to boost their capital base and meet regulatory norms OSDMA bags IT Excellence Award for SATARK app
  • Odisha State Disaster Management Authority (OSDMA)’s SATARK (System for Assessing, Tracking and Alerting Disaster Risk Information based on Dynamic Risk Knowledge) application won the IT Excellence Award2019 for its innovative conception in the field of disaster management.
  • The application, both in web and mobile phone, has been developed to provide real time watch, alert and warning information for different hazards like heat wave, lightning, drought, flood monitoring, ocean state information, tsunami risk, earthquake monitoring, cyclone/storm surge, road accident and snakebite monitoring.
  • It is available in bilingual form both in Odia and English languages.
Skill India announces Annual Kaushalacharya Awards
  • In a bid to motivate and incentivize more trainers to join the Skill India Mission, the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) organized Kaushalacharya Samadar 2019 to felicitate trainers from different sectors for exceptional contribution towards creating a future-ready and skilled workforce.
  • The Ministry also announced the “Kaushalacharya Awards” would be an annual event to recognize the contribution made by skill trainers in the vocational training ecosystem.
HRD Ministry awards Institution of Eminence (IoE) status to five public institutes
  • The Human Resource Development Ministry has awarded the status of Institute of Eminence to the IIT-Madras, the IIT-Kharagpur, Delhi University, Benares Hindu University and the University of Hyderabad
  • Four private universities – the Vellore Institute of Technology, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Jamia Hamdard University and the Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology — were issued Letters of Intent to grant them the status
  • Each university will be required to sign a Memorandum of Understanding with the Ministry, laying out its plan to achieve the objective of becoming a world-class institution.
  • The public institutions on the list will then be eligible for a government grant of 1,000 crore.

Daily News & Analysis- 7-8th September 2019

Government launches updated Credit linked Capital Subsidy Scheme (CLCSS) for MSMEs
  • CLCSS scheme, with an outlay of Rs 2,900 crore, provides an upfront subsidy of 15 % on institutional credit up to Rs 1 crore for micro small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in the specified 51 sub-sectors.
  • In the relaunched scheme, there is an additional 10 % subsidy for SC-ST entrepreneurs while special provisions have been made for 117 ‘aspirational’ districts, hill states and the northeastern region.
  • MSME Minister Nitin Gadkari announced the government would prepare a final report on the recommendations of the U K Sinha committee, which had been set up by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to suggest expeditious ways to strengthen MSMEs.
WHO South-East Asia Region sets 2023 target to eliminate measles, rubella The resolution was made at the 72nd session of the WHO Regional Committee for Southeast Asia held in New Delhi. 28th edition of Indo-Thai Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT) from Sept. 5 to 15 2019 The 28th edition of the India-Thailand (Indo-Thai CORPAT) between Indian Navy and the Royal Thai Navy (RTN), which seek to enhance bilateral ties and maritime cooperation, is being conducted from September 5 to 15. Indian Naval Ship Kesari and His Majesty’s Thailand Ship (HTMS) Kraburi along with Maritime Patrol Aircraft from both the navies are participating in it. Swachhata action plan Award 2018-19
  • President Ram Nath Kovind presented an award to Indian Railways as the best ministry for implementation of Swachhata action plan for 2018-19.
  • He also presented the best Swachh iconic Place award to the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus Mumbai under the Swachh Bharat Mission initiative.
  • The three best stations as per Cleanliness Ranking Survey for 2018 were Jodhpur, Jaipur & Tirupati.
Petroleum Minister Dharmendra Pradhan on visit to Saudi Arabia, UAE and Qatar.
  • He will participate in the 8th Asian Ministerial Energy Roundtable (AMER) at Abu Dhabi on 10 September, where India is the co-Host along with UAE.
  • India will host the 9th edition of Asian Ministerial Energy Roundtable in
  7th RCEP Ministerial Meeting in Bangkok
  • Union Minister of Commerce & Industry and Railways, Piyush Goyal, will attend the 7th RCEP Ministerial Meeting, 16th ASEAN India Economic Ministers meeting and the 7th East Asia Economic Ministers Summit being held in Bangkok from 8-10 September
  • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership(RCEP) is a proposed free trade agreement between the ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations(ASEAN- BruneiCambodiaIndonesiaLaosMalaysiaMyanmar, the PhilippinesSingaporeThailandVietnam) and its six FTA partners(China, JapanIndiaSouth KoreaAustraliaand New Zealand).
  Indian Army to participate in joint exercise TSENTR 2019 in Russia Armies of Pakistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Russia will also participate in the exercise. Anupama Swain won bronze medal in World Martial Arts Mastership Jiu-Jitsu 2019
  • She was the only Indian to participate in the championship held in Chungju, South Korea. She has also qualified for the 2022 Asian Games.
  • Jiu-Jitsu is a form of martial art and combat sport.
India’s Sex ratio improved from 918 to 931 in 5 years
  • Haryana, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh were honored for improved sex ratio and awareness generation under the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao campaign.
  India will launch deep sea research project, ‘Samudrayaan’ in 2021-22.
  • It will be undertaken by the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT).
  • The project proposes to send a submersible vehicle with three persons to a depth of about six-kilometre for 72 hours to carry out deep underwater studies.
  Government constitutes a task force to draw up a ‘national infrastructure pipeline’
  • Task force under the chairmanship of Secretary of the Department of Economic Affairs will draw up a ‘national infrastructure pipeline’ from 2019-20 to 2024-25 for building infrastructure worth Rs 100 lakh crore.
  • The national infrastructure pipeline project would include social and economic infrastructure projects, both ‘Greenfield’ and ‘Brownfield’ projects.
IRDAI setup Atul Sahai Panel to look into insurance guidelines on trade credit insurance. Trade credit insurance policy provides coverage to a supplier of goods and services against delay in payment or non-payments of trade credit. Culture Ministry launches science museum vans for ‘aspirational districts’ to take science education to students. ISRO Orbiter locates and clicks a thermal image of Chandrayaan-2 Moon lander "Vikram" one day after it lost contact with Vikram on 7th September 2019.
  • There is still no signal from the lander and attempts to re-establish contact would continue for the next two weeks.
  • ISRO launched the Chandrayaan-2 (on July 22, 2019) into the space from India's heavy lift rocket Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-Mark III (GSLV Mk III). The Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft comprised three segments: the Orbiter, lander 'Vikram' and rover 'Pragyan'.
  • An orbiter is a space probe that orbits a planet or other astronomical object.
  • A lander is a spacecraft which descends toward and comes to rest on the surface of an astronomical body.
  • A Rover is a vehicle for exploring the surface of an extraterrestrial body (such as the moon or Mars).
  UNESCO ties up with Rajasthan to promote state's intangible cultural heritage It is a partnership agreement to promote community-based responsible tourism based on the rich intangible cultural heritage of Rajasthan. The project will be implemented in Jodhpur, Barmer, Jaisalmer and Bikaner districts. India hosts 6th India-China Strategic Economic Dialogue (SED) in New Delhi From the Indian side, it will be chaired by NITI Aayog vice-chairman Rajiv Kumar and the Chinese side will be led by the chairman of the National Development and Reforms Commission (NDRC). “Oscars of science” awarded to Event Horizon Telescope Team
  • The Event Horizon Telescope Team who produced the world’s first image of a black hole was felicitated with Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics.
  • The prize is known as the “Oscars of science”, with prize money $3 million. The team had published the image of black hole circled by a flame-orange halo of white-hot plasma on the Messier 87 (M87) galaxy on April 10, 2019.
  4th Indian Ocean Conference 2019 held in Male, Maldives The theme for 4th Indian Ocean Conference 2019 was: ‘Securing the Indian Ocean Region: Traditional and Non-Traditional Challenges’.   India Pavilion inaugurated at 44th Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF) 2019. TIFF provides the ideal platform for the global outreach of the 50th International Film Festival of India (IIFA) 2019.
  • Sri Lanka pacer Lasith Malinga becomes 1st bowler to take 4 consecutive wickets in T20s, ODIs
  • PM inaugurates Mumbai Metro’s first coach built under ‘Make in India’
  • Information & Broadcasting Ministry decides to discontinue single-use plastic in its premises.
  • National Animal Disease Control Programme for Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis & National Artificial Insemination Programme will be launched by PM on 11 September 2019 in Mathura.
  • Microsoft India and the Central Board of Secondary Education have partnered to build AI learning training for schools.
  • India secures 34th rank on World Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index 2019 published by World Economic Forum (WEF) report. Spain tops the ranking index followed by France and Germany.
  • Afghanistan bowler Rashid Khan to become ICC Test cricket’s youngest captain at the age of 20 years and 350 days.
  • Ashok Leyland Ltd has become the first Indian original equipment manufacturer (OEM) to meet the BS-VI emission 


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Scholarship scheme expands to cover all categories

Students preparing for competitive exams can avail Rs 1 lakh


FROM A welfare policy targeting students from the Scheduled Caste  the Jai Bhim Mukhyamantri Pratibha Vikas Yojna has now been expanded tp a free coaching  service for all Delhi students with a family income less than 8 lakhs. The scheme was introduced last year to provide financial assistance to students from Scheduled Castes preparing for competitive examinations, and the maximum financial  assistance provided to any student was Rs. 40,000. Now, the Delhi government announced a cabinet decision to expand the scheme to all students who have completed  Class 10th or Class 12th from Delhi, whether they are  from the SC, ST, OBC or from the general categories.


“It’s the age of cut-throat competition and children require coaching for getting admission in good engineering and medical colleges. Children born in poor families are also very intelligent, but in the absence of resources for coaching they are left behind, and only those with sufficient economic resources have access to coaching, till now. This scheme was only for students of Scheduled Caste category and maximum financial assistance was Rs. 40,000. Today the Cabinet has decided to expand this scheme in scope and duration,” said Chief Minister Mr. Arvind Kejriwal.

Under this scheme, assistance is provided to students preparing for civil service examinations; judicial service examinations; entrance examinations for courses like engineering, medicine, MBA and Law; and other public examinations for recruitment to bank and public sector undertakings.


Till last year,the maximum duration for which coaching was provided under his scheme was five months. Following  the cabinet decision, this duration has been expanded- in the case of civil services and judicial services examinations, the minimum duration has been set at 12months. The quantum of financial assistance has also been increased to Rs 1lakh for these two categories of examinations and for engineering, medical, National Defence Academy and Combined Defence Services entrance examinations.

Last year, 4961 students had availed coaching services under this scheme. With the expansion of it’s scope, the number of benefeceries is likely to increase.

Asked which department will be responsible for implementing this scheme now that its scope and meaning has changed from welfare of scheduled caste students, Kejriwal said it would continueto be carried out by the SC/ST Welfare Department.

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                   Daily News & Analysis- 9th September 2019

Centre will spend 3.5 lakh crore rupees on Jal Jeevan Mission for next 5 years 'Jal Jeevan Mission’ aims to deliver potable water at every household across the country. It involves saving water and delivering water at one's doorstep. Finance Ministry introduced Code of Conduct for non-official directors at public sector banks aims to improve corporate governance Under the new rules, the PSBs board will send an annual performance report evaluated by peers that rates a director based on professional and ethical conduct, and contribution to the board. 1st conference on military medicine for Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) to be held in Delhi under the SCO Defence Co-operation Plan 2019-2020 The conference will be conducted by the Indian Armed Forces under the aegis of Headquarters Integrated Defence Staff (HQ IDS), with the aim to share best practices in the field of military medicine, build capacities and overcome a common challenge. SCO Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) was established in 26 April 1996 and is headquartered at Beijing, China.   US Tennis Open 2019: Complete List of Winners Chronologically, it is the fourth and final Grand Slam tournament of the year.
Category Winners
Men's Singles Rafael Nadal (Spain)
Women's Singles    Bianca Andreescu (Canada)
Men’s Doubles J.S. Cabal (Colombia) and R. Farah (Colombia)
Women's Doubles E. Mertens(Belgium) and A. Sabalenka(Belarus)
Mixed Doubles B. Mattek-Sands (USA) and J. Murray (U.K)
  International Literacy Day: 08th September Theme of International Literacy Day 2019 is Literacy and Multilingualism. India’s first Greenfield industrial ‘Walk-to-Work’ Smart City Prime Minister inaugurated the India’s first Greenfield industrial ‘Walk-to-Work’ Smart City, Auric City [Aurangabad Industrial City] at Shendra in Aurangabad. UTs of J&K, Ladakh will have common High Court The Legislative Assembly will be formed in J&K as UT but there will be no Legislative Assembly in the UT of Ladakh as it will be directly controlled by the Union Government. 108 Central Laws will be applicable on the two UTs while 164 State laws will be repealed and 166 State laws will continue to be applicable.
  • World Physical Therapy Day/ is observed on 8 September
  • RBI to launch mobile app for visually impaired to identify banknotes India’s first ‘water-grid’ in Marathwada region of Maharashtra costing Rs 3, 50,000 crore under Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)
  • Lata Mangeshkar to be honored with Daughter of the Nation title on her 90th birthday on September 28.
  • 24th World Energy Congress commenced on 9 September 2019 in Abu Dhabi UAE
  • President Kovind on 9-day visit to 3 nations- Iceland, Switzerland and Slovenia on 8 September 2019.
  • India has announced a humanitarian assistance of one million dollar to help people in the Bahamas affected by Hurricane Dorian.
  • 68th Plenary session of the North Eastern Council (NEC) began in Guwahati on 8 September 2019.
  • Vijay Kumar Chopra, Vineet Jain elected PTI chairman & vice-chairman
  • SLINEX 2019: Indo- Sri Lanka maritime fleet exercise 2019 at Visakhapatnam
  • India Red beat India Green to clinch Duleep Trophy title 2019 at Bengaluru.
  • Kenya's Brigid Kosgei runs fastest-ever a woman’s half-marathon in a time of 1 hour, 44 minutes and 28 seconds.
  • Sri Lanka's Lasith Malinga has become the first T20I bowler to take 100 wickets and also becomes the highest number of hat-trick wicket taker in international cricket with 5 hat-tricks
  • Ram Jethmalani, one of India's finest lawyers and a former union minister, passes away at 95.



Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019

Introduction: The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019 became the first legislation to be tabled in Parliament by the Narendra Modi dispensation in its second term, with Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad asserting the legislation was a must for gender equality and justice. The government had promulgated the Ordinance on triple talaq twice — in September 2018 and in January 2019. It will become the law and will replace the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act, 1986.

Background: The Supreme Court’s judgment in the Shayara Bano case held that the practice of talaq-e-biddat (or triple talaq) unconstitutional.

Significance of the bill: The Bill will protect the rights of married Muslim women and prevent divorce by the practice of instantaneous and irrevocable ‘talaq-e-biddat’ by their husbands. It provides the rights of subsistence allowance, custody of minor children to victims of triple talaq i.e. talaq-e-biddat.Key provisions of the Bill:

1. The Bill makes all declaration of talaq, including in written or electronic form, to be void (i.e. not enforceable in law) and illegal.

2. Definition: It defines talaq as talaq-e-biddat or any other similar form of talaq pronounced by a Muslim man resulting in instant and irrevocable divorce. Talaq-e-biddat refers to the practice under Muslim personal laws where pronouncement of the word ‘talaq’ thrice in one sitting by a Muslim man to his wife results in an instant and irrevocable divorce.

3. Offence and penalty: The Bill makes declaration of talaq a cognizable offence, attracting up to three years’ imprisonment with a fine.  (A cognizable offence is one for which a police officer may arrest an accused person without warrant.)

4. The offence will be cognizable only if information relating to the offence is given by:(i) the married woman (against whom talaq has been declared), or (ii) any person related to her by blood or marriage.

5. The Bill provides that the Magistrate may grant bail to the accused. The bail may be granted only after hearing the woman (against whom talaq has been pronounced), and if Magistrate is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for granting bail.

6. The offence may be compounded by the Magistrate upon the request of the woman (against whom talaq has been declared). Compounding refers to the procedure where the two sides agree to stop legal proceedings, and settle the dispute. Terms and conditions of the compounding of the offence will be determined by the Magistrate.

7. Allowance: A Muslim woman, against whom talaq has been declared, is entitled to seek subsistence allowance from her husband for herself and for her dependent children. The amount of the allowance will be determined by the Magistrate.

8. Custody: A Muslim woman, against whom such talaq has been declared, is entitled to seek custody of her minor children. The manner of custody will be determined by the Magistrate.

Issues with the bill: 1. The bill introduced in Parliament proposes a three-year jail term for a man divorcing his wife through triple talaq. Although most Muslim women feel it is time to end the practice, they are wary of the slipshod manner in which the government has passed the bill in the Lok Sabha.

2. If the aim of the law is to protect the rights of women, how is that possible with their husbands in prison? If they have children under the age of 18, who will take care of their education, health, financial and other needs? The woman will not be protected but instead be vulnerable to more abuse.

3. The Bill does not provide the victimised woman any additional benefits in terms of her rights in marriage and divorce. 4. Since the Bill says that triple talaq is cognizable and non-bailable, married Muslim man become vulnerable target as policemen can arrest and investigate the accused with or without the complaint from wife or any other person.

On August 22, 2017, Supreme Court set aside decade-old practice of instant triple talaq saying it was violative of Article 14 and 21 of the Indian Constitution.

Arguments favouring the bill:

  • Bill is needed so that even Muslim women also get equality on par with other Muslim men.
  • Triple talaq adversely impact rights of women to a life of dignity and is against constitutional principles such as gender equality, secularism, international laws etc.
  • The penal measure acts as a “necessary deterrent”
  • It significantly empowers Muslim women.
  • The practice of triple talaq has continued despite the Supreme Court order terming it void.
  • The practice is arbitrary and, therefore, unconstitutional
  • The law is about justice and respect for women and is not about any religion or community
  • It protects the rights of Muslim women against arbitrary divorce
  • Instant triple talaq is viewed as sinful and improper by a large section of the community itself.
  • The fine amount could be awarded as maintenance or subsistence.

Arguments opposing the bill: It is well established that criminalising something does not have any deterrent effect on its practice. Since marriage is a civil contract, the procedures to be followed on its breakdown should also be of civil nature only.

  • Civil redress mechanisms must ensure that Muslim women are able to negotiate for their rights both within and outside of the marriage
  • The harsh punishment defies the doctrine of proportionality.
  • Three years in prison of the convicted husband will end up penalising the already aggrieved wife and children too.
  • The punishment will aggravate the insecurity and alienation of the Indian Muslim community
  • In the recent Supreme Court judgment, it never said that triple talaq is to be criminally punished.
  • It invokes a secular law that already exists: Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act (PWDVA), 2005.
  • Parliament should have passed a law stating that the utterance of the words “talaq, talaq, talaq” would amount to “domestic violence” as defined in the PWDVA.
  • The PWDVA was conceived as a law that ensures speedy relief — ideally within three months — to an aggrieved woman
  • While PWDVA is civil in nature, it has a reasonably stringent penal provision built into it.


  • It could be just a piece of legislation rather than a kind than a kind of relief to the women.
  • Some representatives have given it a political and religious color.
  • Some Muslim women’s groups raised concerns about “maintenance” if the husband is sent to jail.
  • The mutual divorce provision is missing in the proposed law and needs to be debated.

Way ahead:

The legislation brings India at par with other Muslim majority states including Pakistan and Bangladesh. This was long overdue for a country that has taken pride in its adherence to the principles of secularism, democracy, and equality. Personal laws of other religious communities, Hindus and Christians, have gone through renditions to address some concerns relating to gender equality in matters of inheritance and polygamy. Despite the gains, gender equality does not permeate all aspects of civil law. This legislation presents an opportunity to put in place a civil code that steeped in equality—across faiths and gender.

Time has come to put an end to the suffering of Muslim women who have been at the receiving end of instant talaq for several years. More than 20 Islamic countries have already banned the practice.


Daily News & Analysis- 11-15th September 2019

  Hindi Diwas is celebrated every year on ‘14th September’ in India.
  • The day was celebrated because the Constituent Assembly made Hindi the official language of the country on 14 September 1949.
  • January 10 is celebrated as World Hindi Day
National Green Tribunal (NGT) forms committee to stop illegal groundwater extraction and to monitor manning and functioning of the Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA). The committee comprises joint secretaries of Ministry of Environment and Forests and Ministry of Water Resources (MoWR), Central Ground Water Board, National Institute of Hydrology, Roorkee, National Remote Sensing Centre and Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). Indian Railways signs MoU with Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) for facilitation of green initiatives The objectives of the MoU:
  • Energy efficiency in manufacturing facilities and railway workshops.
  • Greening of Railway properties.
  • Demonstrative pilots of ‘net-zero energy buildings/ railway stations’.
  • Capacity and skill development by continuous sharing of best practices on energy and environment through training programmes.
  • Development of Green procurement policy, waste management policy, solid waste disposal, carbon neutrality, phytoremediation.
India becomes a member of Global Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) Research and Development (R&D) Hub.
  • Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science & Technology signed this partnership to address challenges and improve coordination and collaboration in the global antimicrobial resistance research and development.
  • The Global Antimicrobial Resistance Research and Development hub now has 16 member nations. The hub also has the European Commission and four international organisations as observers.
Reserve Bank of India (RBI) reduces the risk weight requirement for consumer loans to 100% from 125% now.
  • It will reduce cost of consumer loans. The relaxed requirement would not be applicable to credit cards.
  • Risk weight refers to the capital banks keep aside as provisioning to cover any loan defaults.
  • RBI Headquarters Mumbai
  • RBI Governor Shaktikant Das
  • RBI Deputy Governor BP Kanungo, N S Vishwanathan, and Mahesh Kumar Jain
India to be first country in the world to implement a Scientific Social Responsibility (SSR) Policy on the lines of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).
  • This Policy defines SSR as “the ethical obligation of knowledge workers in all fields of science and technology to voluntarily contribute their knowledge and resources to the widest spectrum of stakeholders in society, in a spirit of service and conscious reciprocity”.
  • Individual scientists or knowledge workers will be required to devote at least 10 person-days of SSR per year for exchanging scientific knowledge to society.
  • Give credit to individual SSR activities in annual performance appraisal and evaluation of knowledge workers/scientists.
  • A central agency will be established at DST to implement the SSR.
Uttarakhand CM Trivendra Singh Rawat launches ‘Mukhya Mantri Dal Poshit Yojana’ Under this scheme, 32 lakh ration card holders in the state will get two kgs of pulses at subsidised rates every month. Rajasthan government launches ‘Jan Soochna’ public information portal The portal provides information about 13 government authorities and departments to the public on a single platform in the true spirit of the Section 4(2) of Right to Information Act. World Bank will sanction Rs 3,000cr for mini & mega food parks to Ministry of Food Processing World Bank Headquarters- Washington, D.C., United States President- David Malpass RBI increases banks’ loan exposure limit to single NBFC from 15% to 20% of bank’s eligible capital base. It will help increase credit supply to the crisis-ridden shadow banking sector. Under this move, gold loan companies have been excluded from non-banking financial company (NBFCs). Bamboonomics movement launched at COP 14 of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). It is a movement to combat desertification and climate change involving the tribal community of India since they have the expertise in this field. The movement will ensure that tribals can earn a livelihood without causing environmental harm. 5 Indian women police officers honoured by UN for commendable services in World body’s mission in South Sudan.
  • Five Indian women police officers are:
    • Reena Yadav (Inspector Chandigarh Police)
    • Gopika Jahagirdar (DSP, Maharashtra Police)
    • Bharati Samantray (DSP, Ministry of Home Affairs)
    • Ragini Kumari (Inspector, Ministry of Home Affairs)
    • Kamal Shekhawat (ASP, Rajasthan Police)
  • The United Nations officially comes into existence on 24 October 1945.
  • Antonio Guterres is its Secretary-General and it is headquartered in New York.
Minister for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) laid foundation for Indian Institute of Skills (IIS) at Mumbai. It is a tertiary care institute to provide skill training in highly-specialised areas like deep technology, aerospace, etc. It will be operated on a PPP (Public-Private Partnership) model. Tata Education Development Trust (TEDT) was selected as the private partner for setting up IIS at NSTI campus in Mumbai IFC signs MoU with FIDC for training NBFCs The International Finance Corporation (IFC), part of the World Bank Group, has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Finance Industry Development Council (FIDC), to collaborate on the training of NBFCs in the country. FIDC is a representative body of asset and loan Financing of Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFCs). UK based Times Higher Education released “World University Rankings 2020” The ranking includes almost 1,400 universities across 92 countries. Ranks are- Oxford University -1st; California Institute of Technology-2nd; Cambridge University-3rd ; IIT Ropar and Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore-1st in India. Defence Research Development Organization (DRDO) hands over 2nd ‘Netra’ (AEWC) aircraft to Indian Air Force(IAF). Netra, an Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEWC) aircraft, is useful for surveillance, tracking, identification and classification of airborne and sea surface targets and is useful in detecting incoming ballistic missile threats. Netra had provided surveillance and radar coverage to the five Mirage jets that bombed terror launch pads in Balakot airstrikes in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation is observed on September 12 Theme for 2019: From Commitment to Action — Follow up to Buenos Aires Plan of Action+40 PM launched pension schemes for farmers, shopkeepers and self-employed persons in Ranchi.
  • Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan Dhan Yojana’ will help small and marginal farmers aged between 18 and 40 years by providing a minimum pension of Rs 3000 per month, on attaining the age of 60 years.
  • Pradhan Mantri Laghu Vyapari Maan DhanYojana’ is a pension scheme for shopkeepers and retail traders.
  • Swarojgar’ pension scheme is for self-employed persons.
  • Under both the schemes, beneficiaries between 18 and 40 years will get Rs 3,000 per month after completing 60 years of age.
Scheme for Modernization of Prisons It is a Central Government scheme with an outlay of 1800 crore rupees that aims to create 199 new jails, 1572 additional barracks and 8568 prison staff quarters. INS Khanderi, India’s Second Scorpene-Class Submarine Set to Be Commissioned in Mumbai under Project 75. It has been manufactured by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd in Mumbai. Under the Project 75 Programme, India is committed to building six Scorpene-class submarines with Transfer of Technology from French company Naval Group (DCNS). INS Kalvari and INS Khanderi have been completed, others are in pipeline. 22nd Session of United Nations Committee on Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) Held at UNHRC Geneva. India is a signatory of the United Nations Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD). It ratified this Convention on October 01, 2007 in pursuance of Article 35 of the Convention. India submitted its First Country Report on Status of Disability in India in November 2015, taken for consideration by UN Committee during the Session. Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) Report
  • 7 million people displaced globally due to more than 950 climate-related issues including floods and storms between January and June 2019.
  • India accounted for 2.8 million displaced people in 2018.
  • Cyclone Titli struck Orissa and Andhra Pradesh states in October, triggering 400,000 new displacements and cyclone Gaza hit Tamil Nadu in November, triggering 2,49,000 displacements.
  • More than 160,000 new displacements associated with conflict and violence was recorded in Kashmir.
  • IDMC was established in 1998 as the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC). It works to inform policy and operational decisions that improve the lives of millions of people living in the internal displacement or at risk of becoming displaced in the future.
  ‘Yogi of the Racetrack’ has won ‘Best Video’ award for the Asia & Pacific Region in the UNWTO Tourism Video Competition 2019 at 23rd General Assembly Session of the UNWTO in St. Petersburg, Russia on September 12, 2019. It is a short promotional film on Yoga produced by the Union Ministry of Tourism. PM dedicates to the nation India’s 2nd riverine Multi-Modal terminal (MMT) built at Sahibganj in Jharkhand. The terminal at Sahibganj will open up industries of Jharkhand and Bihar to the global market and provide Indo-Nepal cargo connectivity through waterways route. Madhya Pradesh’s Happiness Dept. to open Time Bank This time bank would lend currency to an hour, which could be exchanged to learn a new skill without the need for any paper money. Whenever a bank member needs a service or wants to acquire a skill, say gardening or playing a guitar, she could exchange a credit, worth an hour, with another member knowing the skill. Samsung unveils Good Vibes, Relumino apps for deaf-blind, visually impaired Good Vibes uses Morse code to convert vibrations into text or voice and vice-versa. A deaf blind person uses a combination of dots and dashes to send their messages, which are received as text or voice on the caregiver’s app. Relumino is a visual aid application for people with low vision and enables them to see images clearer by magnifying and minimizing images, highlighting the image outline, adjusting colour contrast and brightness, and reversing colour. Social entrepreneur ‘PadMan’ Arunachalam Muruganathan awarded by Women Leaders Global Forum at Iceland. The WLGF and award event is co-hosted by Women Political Leaders (WPL) and the Government and co-chaired by leaders of the OECD, World Bank, World Economic Forum and others. Skill India gets its first Batch of IES officers to the Indian Skill Development Services (ISDS) cadre
  • It is the first batch of the newest central government services of ISDS cadre from the Indian Engineering Service Examination conducted by UPSC, commencing its training program at the Administrative Training Institute (ATI) in Mysuru, Karnataka.
  • Its aim is to attract young and talented administrators towards institutionalizing the Skill Development under Ministry of Skill Development And Entrepreneurship (MSDE)
Cryodrakon boreas is the largest flying animal (pterosaur) of all time with a wingspan of 10 m and 250 kg weight. The pterosaur’s name Cryodrakon boreas roughly translates to ‘frozen dragon of the north wind’ and this species come from the Azhdarchid group of pterosaurs. Thailand 1st in Asia to roll out plain cigarette packaging to reduce the appeal of smoking and comply with the WHO guidelines. In 2012, Australia became the first in world to require tobacco products to be sold without colourful brand logos.
  • Niti Aayog, McKinsey to launch First Digital Capability Centre to showcase advanced technologies and emerging innovations.
  • India to raise target of restoring degraded land to 26 million hectares by 2030 declares PM at COP14 of UNCCD.
  • Gurugram Police ties up with Google maps for traffic updates in real time for public use.
  • Powerful Typhoon Faxai makes direct hit on Japan’s capital city Tokyo
  • India becomes the honoured country for 84th Thessaloniki International Fair 2019(TIF) held in Greece
  • Brazilian tennis player Diego Matos gets a life ban for match-fixing
  • Hero MotoCorp Chairman and MD Pawan Munjal will be inducted to 2019 Asia Pacific Golf Hall of Fame for his support to the sport in India and around the world.
  • Daniel Zhang to take over as the new Chairman of Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba after founder Jack Ma steps down
  • Priyavrata, 16, becomes the youngest person to clear 14 levels of the Tenali Pariksha or Maha Pariksha, conducted twice a year for the students studying Shastras.
  • Music director Usha Khanna will get Lata Mangeshkar award by Maharashtra government.
  • National Conference on ‘Criminal Activities and Radicalization in Jails: Vulnerability of Inmates and Jail Staff and their Protection’ organized by Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D).
  • Indo-Thailand joint military exercise Maitree 2019 held at Foreign Training Node, Umroi (Meghalaya)
  • Sri Lanka flags off Pulathisi Express, a ‘Make In India’ train manufactured in the Integral Coach Factory (ICF) in Chennai
  • Water found on potentially habitable exo-planet super Earth K2-18b (8 times the mass of Earth).
  • Centre will set up 12,500 AYUSH Health and Wellness Centres across India.
  • 24 Mega Watt Dikshi Hydroelectric Project launched on the Phudung River in West Kameng, Arunachal Pradesh.
  • India signs agreement with Russian company to modernise radar missile systems on P-15 class ships.
  • Feroz Shah Kotla Stadium in Delhi has been renamed as Arun Jaitley Cricket Stadium.
  • Srivilliputtur ‘palkova’ a sweet made from cow milk and sugar from Virudhunagar district Tamil Nadu gets GI tag
  • DRDO successfully test-fired the 100% indigenous Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MP-ATGM).
  • Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) appointed Pradeep Kumar Sinha Principal Advisor to PM. Pramod Kumar Mishra appointed as the Principal Secretary to PM
  • Navdeep Singh Suri, India’s ambassador to UAE, has been conferred with the Order of Zayed II, the highest civilian honour in the country, by President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan.

Daily News & Analysis- 16th September 2019

World Ozone Day – September 16

  • World Ozone Day is observed on September 16 every year to spread awareness among people about the depletion of the Ozone layer and search possible solutions to preserve it.
  • The theme of World Ozone Day is ‘32 years and Healing’. This theme celebrates over three decades of remarkable international cooperation to protect the ozone layer and the climate under the Montreal Protocol.
International Day of Democracy: 15 September Theme of International Day of Democracy 2019: Participation. NHA, IRDAI recommend measures to check frauds, data standardization.
  • National Health Authority and Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India have launched a report recommending best practices, common standards, collaborative measures and IT framework for data standardization and to check frauds.
  • NHA is responsible for implementing the Ayushman Bharat scheme.
Pankaj Advani clinches record 22nd world title at the IBSF World Billiards Championship in Myanmar. It is his fifth title in the last six years. He has been conferred the Padma Bhushan Award in 2018. Saint Vincent and Grenadines becomes 79th country to join India-led International Solar Alliance (ISA) The International Solar Alliance is a group of 121 solar resource-rich countries with headquarters in Gurugram, India. The organisation aims to deploy over 1,000 gigawatts of solar energy and mobilise more than USD 1,000 billion into solar power by 2030, according to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).  UNESCO will publish anthology of Guru Nanak Dev’s writings in world languages to mark his 550th birth anniversary. Other activities to mark his birth anniversary include:
  • construction of Kartarpur Corridor from Dera Baba Nanak in Gurdaspur district in Punjab to the international border,
  • development of the historic town of Sultanpur Lodhi as a heritage town on smart city principle,
  • up-gradation of Sultanpur Lodhi railway station
  • Release of commemorative coins and postage stamps.
Abhijit Guha appointed as head of UN Mission in support of the Hodeidah Agreement UNMHA is a special mission to oversee governorate-wide ceasefire, mine action operation and redeployment of forces in Hodeidah, Yemen. Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR) system This is a project undertaken by the Department of Telecommunications ( DoT) for addressing security, theft and other concerns including reprogramming of mobile handsets. Objectives of the project:
  • Blocking of lost/stolen mobiles across mobile networks discouraging theft of mobile phones.
  • Facilitate in tracing of such reported lost/stolen mobile phones.
  • Prevention of mobile devices with duplicate and fake IMEIs in the network.
  • Improved QoS and reduced call drops with reduction in use of counterfeit mobile devices.
 ‘Jaldoot’ Exhibition is a travelling Exhibition on Jalshakti Abhiyan organised in Pune
  • Jal Shakti Abhiyan is a collaborative effort of various Ministries of the Government of India and State Governments, being coordinated by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
  • It is a time-bound, mission-mode campaign that would focus on 1,592 “water-stressed” blocks in 257 The campaign will run through citizen participation during the monsoon season, from 1st July 2019 to 15th September 2019.
Pulikali or Tiger Dance is a folk art of Kerala, performed on the fourth day of Onam festival. Artists wear a tiger mask, paint their bodies like tigers and dance to the rhythm of traditional percussion instruments such as thakil, udukku and chenda.  
  • Traditional Neermahal Jal Utsav concludes in in Rudrasagar lake Tripura
  • Union Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ launched CBSE’s portal ‘Vidyadhan’ on Diksha App, a digital infrastructure for knowledge sharing
  • Madhya Pradesh govt to launch online service to adopt cows and provide sheds to them at gaushalas
  • India along with Pakistan and China, participate in Exercise TSENTR 2019 in Russia’s DONGUZ Ranges.
  • Kapil Dev appointed chancellor of Rai Sports University in Sonepat by Haryana Government.
  • Sourabh Verma clinches Vietnam Open Men's Super-100 Singles title in Badminton
  • Great Ganga Run 2019 organised by Ministry of Jal Shakti in New Delhi to create awareness about River Ganga.
  • DRDO and the Aeronautical Development Agency successfully executed the first-ever arrested landing of Light Combat Aircraft(LCA) Tejas (Navy) at the shore-based test facility in Goa.
  • Anurag Kashyap’s ‘Gangs of Wasseypur’ ranked 59th in the Guardian list of “100 Best Films of 21st Century”


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